CV types - don't put your eggs in one basket!


brightly coloured easter eggsIn today’s modern job market, it is essential that you have an up to date CV which effectively sells your expertise. There are a variety of CV types to choose from that showcase work experience, industry knowledge and skill sets in alternative ways, ranging from Chronological CVs which highlight experience in reverse chronological order, Functional CVs focussing on transferable skills, to Video CVs which highlight creativity. It is important to ensure you use the best CV types for your job applications and most  job seekers have more than one CV ready to use - so don't put your eggs in one basket!  Here is Renovo's guide to the different formats of CV types you can use to optimise your CV success.

Chronological CV

PRO: The Chronological CV is the most popular of the CV types and is most suitable when applying for roles where you have relevant experience. Each section is written in reverse chronological order and can show clear career progression if you want to stay in the same industry. With this CV type, you can easily see key responsibilities and achievements for each of your previous roles. Recruitment agencies prefer this format of CV so they can discuss your recent relevant experience to their client.

CON: The Chronological CV isn’t ideal if you want to change career as it focusses on your recent job title and industry, implying that you are looking for something similar. Also, if you have been contracting it will draw attention to any gaps on your CV and the number of roles you have had.

Functional CV

PRO: The Functional CV can be used by people who want to highlight their skills and achievements across their career history. With more job seekers exploring a change in direction, this is an ideal CV type to use allowing you to draw upon earlier work experience or transferable skills. It also takes away the emphasis on your career timeline so removes the focus from gaps in employment.

You can tailor the Functional CV by focussing on 3-4 areas of expertise the job specification requires as headings and including examples of relevant responsibilities and achievements underneath each one. The focus is less on your career history but more on your transferable skills.

CON: At first the Functional CV may seem difficult to write. To overcome this, you can use your Chronological CV content to start your Functional CV, concentrating on any key skills learnt rather than relevant experience.

Combination CV

The Combination CV is, as its name suggests, a combination of the Chronological and Functional CV. The first part is like a Chronological CV in that it includes contact details and a profile. The next part focusses on 7-8 achievements under the heading of Key Achievements. These achievements can be taken from a range of roles regardless of when they were achieved. The Employment History is then the same as the Chronological CV, in reverse chronological order. When you use a Combination CV you can showcase the skills you have that will add value to the job you are applying for on the front page whilst providing relevant work history. You may find that recruitment agencies prefer this version of CV than a full Functional CV.

Other CV types

Video CV

While the written CV remains the world’s number one tried-and-tested application tool, in an increasingly competitive and technical job market there's more than one way to catch a potential employer's eye. One option is making a Video CV. It is fast becoming a popular application medium in creative industries such as advertising and PR, as well as sales and other customer-focussed fields. While some have dismissed them as a gimmick, making a VCV can be a great way to showcase your personality and creative skills, while offering something a little different to your competitors.

You can read more on how to create a Video CV here

Infographic CV

One of the main advantages of an infographic CV is its ability to draw the reader's eye to key data such a results and achievements. They are not every employer's cup of tea as they are a new concept, however, and they tend to suit creative disciplines such as marketing or advertising, or even sales roles where there is an emphasis on results and outcomes. If this sounds like you, an infographic CV may well add value to your job search and professional brand, but ensure you research the company culture and values before you embark on creating one to make sure it is appropriate before submitting it as part of a job application.

Renovo is the UK’s leading provider of outplacement and career transition support. We work with both organisations and individuals to support all their career transition requirements. If you would like to understand how Renovo can help you please call 0800 612 2011 or email

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